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5 historical facts of Mexico highlighted (with explanation)

5 historical facts of Mexico highlighted (with explanation)

January 29, 2023

They say that in order to understand the present we have to know the past, that is the importance of History in our lives. Each country offers, in addition to its culture and its people, a legacy of events that, besides being interesting, allow us to see the origins of their identity.

Here we will take a look at the historical facts of Mexico more representative that marked the course of its history and its place in the world.

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The 5 most relevant historical events in Mexico

From the first century AD to the last decades, the events that have marked the history of this country are fascinating and are a window to the understanding of its cultural richness and legacy to the world.

1. Construction of the pyramid of the sun in Teotihuacan

To this day, the pyramid of the sun is one of the most fascinating and enigmatic constructions in the world, the beginning of its construction dates back to the year I AD and is a reflection of the splendor of the culture that settled there.

It is believed that the arrival of the settlers in this city dates back to 100 BC. ; However, to date, the data on the ethnic origin of its inhabitants and the reason for its decline as a civilization as well as the abandonment of the ceremonial center are uncertain, involving a halo of mysticism in this culture.

The pyramid of the sun and the whole archaeological zone continues in constant investigation, even just a few months ago discoveries were made that could completely change the information that was had when discovering that cultures like the Maya, lived there permanently, data that was unknown completely before this discovery.

For these reasons, the construction of the pyramid of the sun as a symbol of the civilization that settled there and that is full of enigmas, is one of the most interesting historical facts in Mexico.

2. Tenochtitlán Foundation

In this important event in Mexico, the legend is mixed with history . It is said that a tribe arrived in what is now Mexico City guided by the sign that their god Huitzilopochtli had revealed to them: they had to settle in the place where they saw an eagle on a cactus devouring a snake.

Being a passage of history sheltered by the myth, there is no precise data on the founding of the city, however it has been established that it happened around the year 1325 or 1345.

This event is important because over the years the capital of the Mexicas became the largest and most powerful of the time in the whole world and dominated much of Mesoamerica until the arrival of the Spaniards in Tenochtitlan . This fact is linked to the arrival of Hernán Cortés to become two of the most important episodes in the history of Mexico.

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3. The conquest

In January of 1517, Hernán Cortés arrived on the shores of Yucatan to start an expedition for exploration and trade purposes ; However, upon its arrival and after several years of alliances, battles and strategies, in 1521 what is known as "The Conquest of Mexico" was concretized by defeating what was at that time the most important capital: Tenochtitlan.

From that moment and officially, the Mexica people formed the first territory, which later with the conquest of the rest of cultures it would be known like Viceroyalty of the New Spain and that would give rise to the mestizo Mexico characterized by the meeting of these two cultures.

For this reason, this event is one of the most representative of the history of Mexico, marking a before and after in the life, culture and organization of the country.

4. The independence of Mexico

Another historical Mexican event occurs almost 300 years after La Conquista, and it is the struggle for the independence of Mexico.

Headed by the priest Miguel Hidalgo , who calls to rise up in arms on September 15, 1810, begins the fight to end Spanish rule over Mexico and September 27, 1821 with the triumphant entry of the Trigarante army, this fight is ended by proclaiming independence .

However, it was not until 1836, after several attempts at reconquest, that Spain recognized the absolute independence of Mexico.

5. Mexican Revolution

After 35 years of a dictatorial government known as Porfiriato, the Mexican population rises in arms to overthrow President Porfirio Díaz , who under his mandate achieved the economic growth of the country but at the expense of the social welfare of the most disadvantaged sectors that were already in great discontent. The latter joined the call of Francisco I.Madero to take the arms obtaining that Porfirio Diaz resigned and fled from the country.

Subsequently, when elections were held, Madero won, generating the dissatisfaction of other revolutionaries who did not see in the new president a solution to the demands of the majority of the population submerged in poverty, so the revolt would not end until the assassination of Francisco I. Madero, the succession of Victoriano Huerta and his eventual resignation before the dissatisfaction of other caudillos such as Francisco Villa and Venustiano Carranza, who in 1917 promulgates the new constitution thus ending this historical fact of Mexico.

Bibliographic references:

  • Clavijero, F. J. (1844). Ancient history of Mexico and its conquest: taken from the best Spanish historians ... Digital library of the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon: Lara press.

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