Depression and anxiety: symptoms to be easily recognized
The seat of emotions is in the brain , and not in the heart, as they preach part of literature and art in general. Specifically, in a series of neuronal circuits, mostly buried in the depths of the brain, commonly known as the limbic or paleo-mammal system.
In fact, all the psychological pathologies known to man are characterized by a deficit or an emotional excess. That is to say, mental illnesses can be basically defined as affective states that for some reason, escape their normal range.
In turn, this deficit or emotional excess is caused by different chemical imbalances and dysfunctions in the regions of the limbic system and other adjacent areas that participate in the supervision and regulation of the state of mind. Then we will see the symptoms associated with depression and anxiety , two of the emotional states that are most associated with disorders.
The symptoms of emotional imbalance in depression
Depression is characterized by the exacerbation of some emotions that, in their just measure, are beneficial for the person, such as sadness, guilt and shame. Who suffers from this problem, He enters a state of deep sadness that makes him cry or feel anguished. Much of the day to. As a corollary, he begins to blame himself for what is happening to him, and feels distressed about worrying his friends and loved ones.
Convinced that he has become a heavy burden on his family, the feeling of shame is triggered and many times the depressed patient begins to think that the best thing that could happen is to die, since the disease prevents him from seeing a more or less horizon promissory.
Of course, usually none of this is true. What happens is that the disturbance of these emotions, which deviate from their normal channel, they end up muddying the normal reasoning process of the sick patient , altering his belief system, completely dyeing his perception, pushing him to think that he is a useless, reprehensible being, incapable of using his own means, and that consequently he is expected to end up sunk in the most absolute social and economic ruin, abandoned for all those he loves, and delivered to the fatality of his inexorable and fateful destiny.
Symptoms in anxiety
Another psychiatric picture marked by uncontrolled emotions is what is known as generalized anxiety disorder. In this case, the preponderant feeling is the worry derived from fear, and the false certainty that something bad is irremediably about to happen.
As the name implies, the person with generalized anxiety cares about everything, and what is worse, all the time ; From the time you get up until you go to bed, you can not stop thinking about family, health, home economics, work and a host of mundane and day-to-day issues, such as the weekend should go to the supermarket for your weekly food purchase, the possibility (without any proof) that your partner is unfaithful, or what the neighbor who lives next door may have thought, who last week carelessly forgot to say hello when He crossed at the mall.
The constant concern, omnipresent, takes the person to a state of continuous vigilance, and it is easy to identify someone afflicted by this condition: they are individuals who have become impatient, distrustful, complaining, accelerated , and that they live permanently on the defensive, because they believe that they must always be alert to prevent and avoid the impending misfortunes that they believe life offers them.
Since they can never relax, they can not enjoy anything either. Even activities that should be enjoyable like going to the movies, eating out, or a close cousin's birthday party become an annoyance, a source of stress rather than satisfaction.
While the person with anxiety does not understand that most of their fears are unfounded, the picture tends to become chronic, and often enters what I call the "exhaustion phase" , which is nothing more than a state of depression, a consequence of the frustration felt by the impossibility of controlling everything, and the physical and mental fatigue that comes with the permanent monitoring of the many but unlikely threats, risks and dangers offered by the world.
Expanding the repertoire of emotions
However, What can we do to get rid of some diseases such as depression and pathological anxiety? Well, a natural way to counteract the problem is to minimize the stresses and maximize the range of pleasant emotions that we are able to experience.
The effort of psychologists and psychiatrists is oriented in these cases to restore the normal emotional functioning of the patient plagued by the disease. In this sense, It helps you to productively manage your negative emotions , and to identify their positive emotions, so you can empower them and get the most out of them.
As soon as this is achieved, the way the individual perceives the world begins to improve. The environment is no longer a cold and threatening place; his reality is transformed, he becomes more affable. The combination of both strategies gives shape to the best recipe to get rid of the disease and move towards personal well-being and happiness.