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Didactic strategies: definition, characteristics and application

Didactic strategies: definition, characteristics and application

June 11, 2024

Despite the research and advances made in the field of teaching and learning, in recent years the techniques and resources used within the classroom have changed relatively little compared to traditional teaching procedures.

However, this fact is beginning to change and change is evident, among many other things, with the emergence of teaching strategies . Throughout this article we will discuss the characteristics of these, as well as their form of application, their utilities and their benefits.

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What are the teaching strategies?

The concept of teaching strategies refers to the set of actions that the teaching staff carry out, in a planned manner, to achieve the achievement of learning objectives specific.


More specifically, the didactic strategies involve the development, by the teacher, of a procedure or learning system whose main characteristics are that it constitutes an organized and formalized program and that is oriented to the achievement of specific and previously established objectives.

As mentioned above, so that these procedures can be applied on a day-to-day basis within the academic sphere, it is necessary for the educator to plan and program this procedure . For this, it must choose and perfect the techniques it considers most appropriate and effective when it comes to achieving an effective teaching-learning process.


For this, in addition to the planning of the procedures, the teacher must also carry out a reflection work in which the entire range of possibilities that exist within the teaching-learning processes must be taken into account, and then perform a decision making in relation to the techniques and activities that can be used to achieve the established objectives.

These techniques or ways of proceeding within the school setting may result especially useful for the transmission of particularly complex information or knowledge , as well as for lessons considered to be more arduous or complicated, such as some mathematical procedures or the beginning of reading.

Finally, these strategies appear in response to traditional teaching methods. The reason is that these newer systems, in addition to compensating the shortcomings of traditional teaching procedures, tend to be more stimulating and motivating for the students, which increases the level of attention of these and helps to improve the academic results.


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How are they applied in education?

At the beginning of the article, we mentioned that one of the main characteristics of teaching strategies is that they require prior planning and organization. In order for these strategies to be applied within the classroom, the teacher must take into account the following aspects:

  • Establish the specific objectives to be achieved within a specific subject, discipline or learning.
  • Own the necessary knowledge for the transmission of information.
  • Prevent and prepare all those materials or objects that will be necessary for teaching.
  • Emphasize the important aspects of the information that you want to transmit.
  • Promote the association of theoretical knowledge with practical aspects of these.
  • Promote student autonomy at the time of generating own strategies of learning.
  • The educator must be aware that his role is only to facilitate learning and to serve as a guide in the acquisition of learning strategies.
  • Perform periodic evaluations to verify the progress of the students.

In addition, we must consider that these teaching strategies They start from a constructivist vision of teaching . This also means that, in addition to developing the construction of learning, the techniques and strategies used should be modified in relation to the progress of the students.

In the same way, at the time of establishing the objectives, the educator should start from the knowledge base of the student; so a prior evaluation of these can be especially useful.

The use of this type of didactic strategies, enhances the acquisition of knowledge and skills previously considered important or objective.However, despite this planning, the educator must pay attention to whether these are being met or achieved.

For this, these techniques must be equally innovative and different from those used in a traditional way. The tools and activities carried out within the teaching strategies they should be attractive and interesting for students , thus ensuring that these maintain their attention throughout the class.

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What benefits does it provide?

The use of teaching strategies in the day to day of the classroom , has many benefits when it comes to learning much more effectively. At first, these techniques favor greater involvement, both of the teacher and the student, in the teaching-learning processes, also generating interaction dynamics in which the teacher and the group of students work together in the construction of learning.

In this way, Students acquire an active role, developing a sense of responsibility in front of their learning. In addition, the development of student autonomy favors the creation of own learning strategies, which may also apply to other similar areas, generating feelings of self-sufficiency and usefulness.

Finally, if a correct development of the teaching strategies is carried out, the educator will optimize the acquisition of knowledge, favoring the students' learning of those skills or competences that have been pre-established as important.


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