How to take care of yourself during the first month of pregnancy: 9 tips
The pregnancy It is the process that goes from the fertilization of the ovum by a sperm until the moment of birth. In this prolonged period the set of cells that make up the zygote will multiply and go through different phases until they become human beings.
The care of the mother is fundamental throughout the process , because the fetus will be in continuous communication with her and her state of health, her diet and even her emotional state can affect her development.
In this article we will review how to take care during the first month of pregnancy .
First month of pregnancy: the start of fetal development
The first month of pregnancy supposes the beginning of the entire gestation process . Considering the difficulty in determining when the implantation of the fertilized ovum in the endometrium has occurred, it tends to be considered as such the period of time that elapses from the last menstruation to the beginning of the first symptoms of gestation, specifically the amenorrhea.
During the first pregnancy there are different phenomena and processes that initiate the development of the future infant. First, the fertilized egg will move from the fallopian tubes to the uterus . There, the ovule will be implanted in the endometrium, at which point a cellular specialization will begin to take place according to the zygote, now blastocyst, it will develop.
Throughout the month the main organs, such as the nervous system, the heart and the stomach, will begin to develop. But nevertheless, it is not strange that natural abortions occur in this period .
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Typical symptoms of the first month
Although the first month of pregnancy may seem an early moment the truth is that as we have seen a series of very important changes are taking place in the body, with which it is possible to notice a series of symptoms.
Absence of menstruation
The symptom that is most linked to pregnancy is the sudden and unexpected absence of menstruation, or amenorrhea. While also it may be due to other causes as the presence of stress or different medical disorders, amenorrhea or absence of menstruation is one of the first symptoms of pregnancy and the first to suspect its presence.
During the first month of pregnancy there is often an increase in fatigue and that the future mother feels more tired than usual .
Alterations in the mammary system
Specifically, it can be observed as the breasts begin to prepare for future breastfeeding , seeing a slight growth of the breasts. It is also common to find that women feel their breasts sore and irritated.
Start of digestive symptoms
The presence of nausea and vomiting is one of the most well-known and popular symptoms that are linked to pregnancy. They typically occur in the mornings. There is also an accentuation of the sensitivity to odors, with which it is more frequent that these affect the pregnant woman more. Further, the food tastes can change , just like your level of hunger.
Due to the hormonal changes it is frequent the appearance of sudden changes of the emotionality, as for example the step from intense joy to deep sadness without any external element causing it or being the reaction to this exaggerated or out of the ordinary.
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How to take care of yourself during the first month of pregnancy
The first month is a period of great importance in the correct implementation and the beginning of the development of the embryo, with which it is recommended that the expectant mother begin to take precautions and take care of her health.
Below we will see some methods or ways to take care of yourself efficiently during the first month of pregnancy.
1. Consult with your doctor
It is more than advisable to consult a professional who can indicate specific guidelines for your case (since each pregnancy is different and you have to take into account aspects such as age or the state of the reproductive system) and establish the controls that must be performed. Also, consult with him what types of medication or medical tests pose a risk for the health of the fetus and should be avoided or the type of precautions to be taken in this regard.
2. Healthy diet
It is very important for the correct development of the embryo that the mother ingests sufficient essential nutrients and maintains a balanced diet with an abundance of fruits and vegetables.
Proteins, calcium, iron and vitamins they are elements that must also be implemented in the daily diet.Likewise, precautions should be taken in the handling of food, making sure that they are washed and cooked correctly and that they do not contain traces of pesticides or they may be contaminated with different dangerous bacteria.
By last, It is advisable to distribute the food intake throughout the day , eating less but more often.
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3. Eliminates the consumption of alcohol and nicotine
Alcohol and tobacco are two substances harmful to the future baby's health, since they reach the fetus through the umbilical cord . They should be avoided at all costs.
4. Exercise, but avoid violent sports
The practice of sport can be good for the mother and for the health of the baby, and it is advisable to do it on a daily basis (although without it being of high intensity). It is necessary to practice with extreme caution , since the presence of blows and traumatisms derived from some of them can facilitate a possible abortion.
5. Avoid stressful situations and the consumption of exciting
Stress and anxiety are harmful aspects for fetal development, as well as for the future mother's health. It is advisable to try keep the stress level under control . It is recommended to reduce or eliminate the consumption of exciting substances such as coffee.
6. Practice relaxation techniques
Techniques such as yoga and meditation they are usually useful for physically and mentally relaxing, which facilitates a good state of health for both while helping to learn to deal more calmly situations of tension that may arise.
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Sunlight is good to increase the production of vitamin D , so it may be a good idea to propose spending time abroad.
As we have said, one of the usual symptoms of pregnancy is the existence of a high level of fatigue and fatigue. It is necessary and important for the health of both the fetus and the mother that she tries to get enough sleep .
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9. Communicate the news of your pregnancy to your immediate environment
Pregnancy means that they can help you with the process and provide you with advice, support and advice . In addition, this can serve to take into account the existence of unexpected behavioral changes or to avoid uncomfortable moments and stressful situations.