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The 10 types of Personality Disorders

The 10 types of Personality Disorders

May 6, 2024

Personality disorders are a group of conditions in which individuals exhibit patterns of thinking, perception, feeling and long-term behavior that differ from what society considers normal. Their way of acting and thinking, and their distorted beliefs about others, can cause strange behavior, which can be very annoying for other people.

What are Personality Disorders?

These individuals often have problems in different areas of life, including social and work functioning , and often have poor coping skills and difficulties in forming healthy relationships. Personality disorders usually arise in adolescence and continue into adulthood. They can be mild, moderate or severe, and it is possible that these people may have periods of remission in which they function relatively well.

Although the causes are not entirely clear, personality disorders can be associated with genetic and environmental factors. Regarding the latter, experiences of anguish, stress or fear during childhood, as well as abuse, abuse or emotional neglect, can cause future development of such disorders.

Types of Personality Disorders

The different personality types are grouped into three large groups or "clusters".

  • Group A : Strange, eccentric. Introverts and absence of close relationships.
  • B Group : Impulsive, emotional, flashy, extraverted and socially and emotionally unstable
  • Group C : Anxious, fearful and with presence of interpersonal and intrapsychic conflicts.

Personality Disorders of Group A

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a widespread distrust towards others , including friends and even the family and the couple. As a result, the person feels watched and under suspicion, and is constantly looking for clues that validate their conspiracy theories. This type of personality is that of a person extremely sensitive to setbacks, and easily feels embarrassed and humiliated. Tends to isolate themselves from others and to destroy close relationships.

Schizoid Disorder

The schizoid personality disorder is characterized because individuals who suffer from this condition they isolate themselves and avoid social activities and interpersonal relationships . These individuals organize their lives in a way that avoids contact with other people. Therefore, they do not want or enjoy close relationships, choose solitary jobs and activities and show emotional coldness.

Schizotypal Disorder

The schizotypal disorder it is characterized by rarities in appearance, behavior and speech; by unusual perceptual experiences, and anomalies in the way of thinking , which resemble those observed in schizophrenia.

The schizotyps are isolated because they have an inappropriate affection and social anxiety. They tend to have magical thinking and are characterized as being superstitious. Sometimes they may believe that they have superpowers or that they have been victims of paranormal or extraterrestrial experiences. They have problems to relate because of their coldness and because they are distant.

Personality Disorders of Group B

Antisocial disorder

The person suffering from this personality disorder called antisocial disorder it does not take into account social norms and obligations, is aggressive, acts impulsively, lacks guilt, and does not seem to learn from experience.

In many cases, he may have no difficulty in relating, and may even seem superficially charming (that's why he is known as a "psycho with charm" '). Now, their relationships do not usually last long. This type of personality disorder is closely related to criminal behavior.

Personality Limit Disorder

People with borderline personality disorder or borderline oftenThey feel empty and abandoned, and may have difficulty coping with stressful events . They have a weak and changing personality, and they doubt everything. They can go from moments of calm to moments of anger, anxiety or despair in just a few seconds. These people live their emotions to the fullest, and their love relationships are intense, because they idolize the other person.

Symptoms are characterized by intense anger and inability to control it, frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, real or imaginary, alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation in interpersonal relationships, markedly unstable self-image, and chronic feelings of emptiness. Sometimes these individuals may have episodes of paranoia, and tend to engage in risky behaviors, such as unprotected sex, excessive drinking, and gambling.

Histrionic personality disorder

People affected by histrionic disorder and personality they have low self-esteem and seek to attract the attention of other people dramatizing or playing a role, they are emotionally very sensitive in an attempt to be heard and seen. Therefore, these individuals pay excessive attention to the care of their appearance and behave in a way too charming and seductive. They have low tolerance for frustration and continually seek the approval of others.

His life becomes a vicious circle that can take hold, because if they feel rejected, more histrionic become; and the more histrionics become, the more rejected they feel.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

People with narcissistic personality disorder they believe they are more important than others . They tend to exaggerate their achievements and can boast of their attractiveness or success constantly. They feel a deep need for admiration, but lack empathy for other people. In addition to their egocentric behavior, they are also characterized as being very spiteful, and often maintain attitudes of resentment and revenge towards others.

Personality Disorders of Group C

Personality Disorder by Avoidance

People with this type of disorder often experience feelings of inferiority . They usually live on the criticism of others and avoid participating in new activities or making new friends because they are considered socially inept and unattractive. They live with a constant fear of being embarrassed or rejected.

This personality disorder is strongly associated with an anxiety disorder, and may have its origin in rejection by parents or childhood partners.

Dependent Personality Disorder

At dependent personality disorder , the individuals that suffer this condition depend on other people to meet their emotional and physical needs . They are unable to make decisions on their own and, in general, avoid being alone, and may be prone to tolerate physical and verbal abuse.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

People with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are usually very disciplined people, with an imperative need for order, and they adhere strongly to the rules and regulations. They are characterized by being rigid, perfectionists, ruminants, moralists, inflexible and indecisive . They feel very uncomfortable when they do not achieve perfection ..

Summary of all 10 Personality Disorders (May 2024).

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