The 6 types of stalkers and their motivations
Social relationships are complicated, and that is why it is very easy for things to go wrong at times. But this does not happen only with those people with whom we interact voluntarily. Sometimes, problems arise with those who impose their presence and certain patterns of interaction.
In this article we will talk about precisely the different types of stalkers , and the different ways in which its presence affects us negatively.
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What is harassment?
Harassment is not just a problem between two people: it is part of a social problem , since it is a more generalized activity than it may seem. In fact, there are indications that approximately 14% of women and about 6% of men have suffered or will suffer harassment at some point in their lives.
On the other hand, the fact that more and more people are in contact with the new Internet-related technologies means that, more than likely, as the years go by, harassment through the network of networks will become something more and more widespread , especially at school age.
Although there is no fully agreed definition, in a rough way it is considered that stalkers are people who, with a certain regularity, and in a systematic way, maintain a behavior centered on intimidate, harm or follow and meddle in a person's life in a manner beyond the control of the latter. In most cases there are no physical attacks, but the harassment is based on a disturbing presence, either in a real environment or remotely, through the Internet or other technological means.
However, within this repertoire of the category of what constitutes harassment has a place a wide repertoire of unwanted behaviors . It is not the same to leave offensive messages painted on the façade of the home to chase down the street taking photos of the victim, for example. Depending on these nuances, the physical or psychological impact caused by this attitude can differ greatly, as well as the treatment that the judiciary will give to the matter in case of going to a judge or the police.
On the other hand, it also happens that depending on the psychological profile of the person who interrupts the well-being of the victim, the former will tend more to perform certain actions than others. The one who harasses usually does it in a consistent manner, fulfilling certain regularities. It is these behavior patterns that can serve to differentiate between types of bullies, as we will see below.
The different types of stalkers
There is something that is clear: to know how to deal with a stalker, we must first know what type of stalker we are dealing with. From this, it is possible to behave consistently taking into account their motivations, and take action in this regard.
According to Dr. Ronald M. Holmes, Professor Emeritus of Criminology , we can differentiate between 6 types of bully with their own characteristics and strategies to be present in the life of the victim. They are the following.
1. Political harasser
The political harasser has a detrimental effect on the life of the victim because of his political convictions . That means that you can agree or disagree with the person you are harassing, or it may be important or anonymous, but the attacker gives a value to this person because of the meaning it has from the point of view of how you should be organized the society and resources.
For example, the political harasser can follow a parliamentarian to his house every day to intimidate him, or he can try to constantly contact a journalist to be able to talk at length with him, because he believes they share opinions.
2. Celebrity stalker
This is one of the best known types of stalker, since it is the living image of the fan phenomenon taken to the extreme. It's about people obsessed with their idols , references that have become famous, usually at a national or international level, and that try to be in contact with them at all costs. Their behavior is often unpredictable and highly influenced by emotions
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3. For loving humiliation
This category is composed of stalkers who feel frustrated or humiliated because, after having made movements to awaken a person's romantic interest, they feel rejected , with which they make it the target of their harassment.
Cases of erotomania , a mental disorder in which the person believes that another is in love with her but does not show it, can be understood as a subtype of this class of bullies.
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This type of stalkers are characterized by be motivated by lust and sexual arousal . Although at the beginning it is very typical to simply follow the victims, they often end up going further, directly attacking or even raping.
5. Domestic stalker
In this case, he is harassed in a relatively private environment, usually to the couple or lover. These stalkers can be considered to be involved in domestic violence, either through clear attacks on the dignity of the person or through physical attack.
In this case, the harassment is the result of a commercial agreement with a third party, which pays to submit the victim.