Watermelon: 10 properties and benefits of this summer fruit
Watermelon is one of the best fruits to eat in summer , which besides being very refreshing, contains many health properties. Together with the melon, it belongs to the botanical family Cucurbitaceae and both are very beneficial for the organism.
Although some individuals think that this delicious fruit only contains water and sugar, Watermelon has a lot of nutrients and provides many vitamins, minerals and antioxidants . This fruit is a very healthy food and has a low amount of calories.
Watermelons and the summer period go hand in hand. Its refreshing quality and its sweet taste help to fight the heat, and for those who want to lose weight, this fruit is a very tasty dessert that does not make you feel guilty when you eat it.
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Properties and benefits of watermelon
There are different types of watermelon, some larger, others less rounded and others without the stripes that characterize them. Regardless of the type of watermelon consumed, all are highly healthy.
But… What are the properties of watermelon? In the following lines we present the health benefits of watermelon.
Watermelon is associated with summer and it is not surprising, since is a food with a high water content, 92% of its composition , and contains important electrolytes. It can be eaten at any time and is an ideal "snack" to drink at any time. If we also leave it in the fridge, it will be not only delicious, but it will be very refreshing. When the summer season approaches, watermelon becomes a very appetizing food.
2. Improves the immune system and prevents cell damage
This fruit is rich in vitamin C, which is essential for our immune system and, therefore, protects our body and helps us fight, for example, colds. It also maintains the redox balance of the cells and protects them from reactive oxygen species, which damage our cells and DNA.
3. Healing wounds wound healing
The role of vitamin C in wound healing has also been observed in numerous studies, since It is essential for the formation of new connective tissue . Enzymes that participate in the formation of collagen, that is, the main component of wound healing, are inefficient without vitamin C. In short, watermelon participates in the healing of wounds.
4. Improves bone health
Watermelon contains lycopene, which is especially important for our bone health . Dietary lycopene, which is present in some foods such as watermelon or tomatoes, reduces the oxidative stress that normally reduces the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, two bone cells involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.
The consumption of lycopene is associated with healthier bones. Watermelon is also rich in potassium, which helps retain calcium in the body, resulting in healthier bones and joints.
5. Improves cardiovascular health.
Consume watermelon in large quantities, according to many investigations, correlates positively with the improvement of cardiovascular function , since it increases blood flow through vasodilation.
A study conducted by the American Journal of Hypertension found that supplementation of watermelon extract reduces ankle blood pressure, brachial blood pressure and carotid pressure in obese adults of middle age with mild hypertension.
6. Help to lose body fat
Watermelon contains citrulline, which helps reduce the accumulation of fat in our fat cells . Citrulline is an amino acid that is converted to arginine with the help of the kidneys. When our bodies absorb citrulline, it has the ability to block the activity of TNAP (non-tissue-specific alkaline phosphatase), which causes our fat cells to produce less fat tissue, and therefore helps prevent excessive accumulation of body fat .
7. Improve the health of the eyes
This fruit is a great source of beta-carotene (that's why that reddish color inside) that becomes vitamin A. It helps produce pigments in the retina of the eye and protects against age-related macular degeneration. It also prevents night blindness, keeps the skin, teeth, skeletal and soft tissues and the membranes of healthy mucous membranes.
8. Diuretic effect
Watermelon is a natural diuretic that helps increase the flow of urine and protects the kidneys . It also intervenes in the process of removing ammonia from the liver.Watermelon is a diuretic and natural slimming, which will help you stay fit and healthy.
9. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant
Watermelon It is rich in phenolic compounds such as flavonoids, carotenoids and triterpenoids . The carotenoid lycopene of this fruit is beneficial in reducing inflammation and neutralizing free radicals.
The triterpenoid cucurbitacin E is also present in watermelon, and provides anti-inflammatory support by blocking the activity of cyclooxygenase enzymes that normally produce an inflammatory increase. Mature watermelons contain higher amounts of these beneficial phenolic compounds.
10. Prevents cancer
This fruit, as I have commented previously, is an excellent source of vitamin C, as well as other antioxidants. That's why you can help fight the formation of free radicals associated with the development of cancer . Lycopene intake has been positively linked to a decreased risk of prostate cancer, according to several studies.