Joseph Stalin: biography and stages of his mandate
Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin (1879 - 1953) is certainly the most important political figure in the history of the Slavic people, of the Russian ethnic group, more specifically. Many will not know that Joseph or Josef was born in Gori, Georgia under the command of the Russian Tsars. He was born in a family a bit miserable (because his father was an alcoholic).
Its passage through the books of history and politics are not worthy of mention , because Stalin, in addition to creating a state of almost total domination over the citizens, transformed feudal Russia into an economic and military power, thanks to its agrarian reforms promoted under Soviet communism, the militarization and modernization of the army and the great responsibility that had its role in the end of the Second World War (1939 - 1945).
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Brief biography and the emergence of Stalin
Iósif Stalin was orphaned in adolescence, and when his father could not take care of his education (he was poor and often beat his son), he entered a religious boarding school. From good start noted for his insubordination and contempt at school before the authorities of the teaching staff.
At that time, Stalin joined the ranks of socialist revolutionary struggles and activities, opposing the absolutism of the tsars. In the year 1903 the Russian social-democratic party was divided in two, following Iósif the insignia of the most radical wing called "Bolshevik".
It was at that moment where Iósif acquired the name "Stalin", which means "iron man" , to honor its implacable character when carrying out its ideas, resorting to practices of dubious legitimacy, such as the purge it initiated against another revolutionary such as Leon Trotsky, his archenemy in the struggle for power.
Refounded the Social Democratic Party as a Communist Party , Stalin became the general secretary in 1922, after the triumph of the Russian Revolution in 1917, he saw in the chaos the opportunity to rise in power and become the strong man of change.
The USSR and Stalinism
The Union of the Soviet Republics was established in 1922, until it collapsed in 1991. The idea of the Marxist republic was the emergence of a socialist world power and spread geographically in its area of influence. This supposes its assimilation throughout the Eurasian part, reaching even the Arab and Latin American countries.
As it could not be otherwise, Iósif Stalin was his maximum defender and exponent of such a project, and with great astuteness he knew how to impose his law. It turned the country into a power not only economic or military, but also ideological . It was a meteoric evolution at the industrial level for Russia, competing with the United States for world hegemony.
However, everything has a price. Price that the local population had to pay, subject to a police state , with oppressive touches and eliminating any type of political dissidence. He purged his most direct collaborators, imposed harsh labor laws to accelerate technological development and tyrannized the rest of the States Satellites (countries subject to the communist regime).
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Model for ones, oppressor for others
Joseph Stalin did not leave-or leave-indifferent to anyone. Admirers vanaglorian and even pay tribute annually in his native Georgia, turning the rite into a kind of pilgrimage. On the other hand, many are those who qualify him as one of the most bloodthirsty dictators that history has never known.
The socio-economic measures carried out by "the iron man" are indisputable: agrarian reform, the technological revolution, development of the aeronautical industry that led the Russians to be the first to orbit the space, and the collectivization of the means of production, marked a before and after international level that lasts to this day.
Likewise, all this was achieved with an iron fist, based on decimating individual rights such as freedom of expression, the prohibition of exile and the creation of fearsome secret services such as the K.G.B. It is said that he murdered more communists than his own enemies.
His death in 1953 due to natural causes, It meant the decline of the Socialist Union and of its degree of supremacy, contributing to the so-called "Cold War", where the USSR would gradually lose influence and power until it came to an end in 1991.