Early detection of dyslexia, in 8 symptoms
Dyslexia a neurological-based disorder that affects the learning of reading and writing and that currently affects between 10 and 15% of minors worldwide. The main characteristic of this that appears in children who do not present any other physical, psychological or sociocultural alteration that explains it.
Due to this high incidence, Early detection of dyslexia by analyzing the symptoms It is essential to prevent the child from suffering any kind of consequence both at an academic and social level.
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The importance of early detection of dyslexia
As discussed above, the detection of this disorder at the earliest possible ages is essential to facilitate children's learning and adapt teaching methods.
In this way we can avoid the frustration that can result in the child not achieve the objectives set in school, as well as the lack of motivation and emotional consequences that usually cause an undiagnosed dyslexia.
If an adequate detection of dyslexia is not made, both the child and the people around him they may think that this is less intelligent than the rest of his classmates , when in fact the usual thing is that they have an IQ between normal and high. However, this comparison can harm the child's self-esteem.
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First symptoms of dyslexia
Usually, the first symptoms of dyslexia tend to appear around four or eight years of age , being the most usual problematic that related to the vocalization of unknown words, the alteration of the order of the letters in the writing or the lack of attention and concentration.
As a consequence of their difficulties, children suffering from dyslexia they tend to be disinterested in the tasks or activities of the school , even going so far as to refuse to do them or go to school.
Although dyslexia can present itself in different ways in each of the children who suffer it, there are a series of common indicators that can help us identify it. As discussed above, it is essential that both parents and teachers are able to identify these first signs or manifestations to be able to intervene preventively .
Some of the first symptoms of dyslexia that can make us suppose that a child can develop dyslexia are the following.
1. Slow speech acquisition
Children with possible dyslexia have difficulty developing in spoken language. They take more time to learn to speak, both to say single words, and when making sentences. Further, have low verbal fluency and in many cases they tend to have some difficulties when it comes to understanding others.
2. Problems in reading and writing
As in speech, these little ones also present difficulties in learning to read and write .
3. They confuse the words
In both oral and written language, children suffering from dyslexia may manifest confusion or errors in words with a phonetic similarity . For example, they can confuse boot and drop.
In the same way, they can suppress the phonemes of some words, confuse them or change the order of the syllables according to the sound.
4. Lack of vocabulary
Exists a clear poverty in the vocabulary of these children . This symptom is due to the difficulties they have when learning new words, many of which they obtain through reading.
5. Writing in a mirror
Another very common early sign in dyslexia is mirror writing. This means that those children who are learning to write they can write the letters upside down , as if they were seen in a mirror.
6. Problems of concentration
As a result of the difficulties presented by the other areas, children with dyslexia tend to be distracted; presenting problems or alterations in attention and concentration .
7. Consequences on academic performance
All previous difficulties they end up being reflected in the child's academic performance . However, the academic level can present a great variability within a short period of time.
That is, the child can spend a season in which there is no difficulty in school, followed by another in which lack of attention and problems in tasks and activities occur almost daily.
8. Work memory problems
A curious early symptom of dyslexia that helps in its early detection but that occurs in many cases but not in all, is that the child manifests difficulties or problems of working memory . That is, they tend to forget many things that have been explained to them, in a very short time.
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Possible treatments and interventions
Once the first symptoms of dyslexia are known, their detection is essential to understand the child who suffers from it and to be able to intervene in a preventive manner. In this way, the difficulties will be compensated and their personal, social and academic growth will be facilitated.
First, it is necessary to know that due to the great variability of symptoms associated with this disorder there is no valid standard treatment for all cases of dyslexia . Therefore, it will be necessary to adapt the interventions to the needs and demands of the minor.
The therapeutic intervention, the collaboration of the teaching staff , the use of new technologies and the understanding and education from home, are some of the resources that can make a boy or girl with dyslexia get the same results and feel as integrated as any other partner.