Psychological well-being: 15 habits to achieve it
Much is talked about in our days of concepts like psychological well-being or happiness, and it seems that, despite being a common desire for many individuals, not everyone can live in that state.
Psychological well-being is a complex concept, but it has to do with feeling good in a general sense . That is to say, to be well with oneself, to be aligned with the motivations and objectives that structure one's lifestyle, to enjoy the emotional balance necessary to face each day, and even to have good physical health. The problem with this type of definition, however, is that in reality psychological well-being is an abstract and, of course, subjective concept.
What is psychological well-being?
This abstraction has to do with beliefs and expectations, with the empowerment of the person and with being surrounded by a context of tranquility and hope.
Nowadays there is a lot of talk about the welfare society but, Who could have psychological well-being in time of war? Obviously the road to welfare depends on oneself, however, environmental conditions influence. Likewise, we must not forget that the definition of psychological well-being may vary from one culture to another.
For the psychologist Carol Ryff, professor at Pennsylvania State University (United States), psychological well-being is made up of six dimensions. They are the following:
- Positive relationships with others
- Have a purpose in life
- Personal growth
- Domain of the environment
All of them would shape the psychological well-being in an integral way, giving feedback to each other.
Habits to improve psychological well-being
Taking into account the previous points, below we have prepared a list with 15 habits that will help you to have a greater mental well-being.
1. Accept what you can not change and love yourself
As Carol Ryff says, self-acceptance is the key to achieving well-being. If we want psychological wellbeing to be more of a lasting feature and not a fleeting moment, we must learn to love ourselves and accept ourselves as we are. We must accept the things that happen to us, when they are inevitable, and turn the page when we can not control them. In short, if you can not change it, accept it .
2. Do what you like
Logically, If you do not do what you like, you will hardly achieve psychological well-being or happiness . This refers to both your work and your hobbies. With regard to the latter, the more good moments you have doing what you like, the better you will feel.
As for employment, if you do not enjoy what you do and do not feel developed, your psychological well-being will be affected. People spend many hours at work, and if we get bitter every time we step on the place where we offer our services or products, this will affect our day to day and our emotional balance.
3. Sleep well
The hours of sleep are important. When we fail to have a restful sleep or suffer insomnia, our quality of life, our emotional balance and our psychological well-being are seriously affected.
Because, have a good sleep hygiene is essential to have a good psychological health . Sleep hygiene is a series of practices that will help us sleep better.
- If you want to improve it, you can read our post: "10 basic principles for good sleep hygiene"
Forgiveness is intimately related to our mental health. This not only includes forgiving others, but also forgiving ourselves, something that is of vital importance if we want to restore the emotional balance in our lives and, therefore, our psychological well-being. In other words, if resentment takes hold of us, our happiness is hijacked .
- If you want to delve into this topic just click on this link.
5. Have realistic goals
Wellness experts pay close attention to the importance of the purposes we have in our lives and the goals that we set for ourselves. This happens mainly for several reasons, but mainly, because the goals that we propose are our vital motivation and are related to our happiness. However, these objectives, if they are not realistic, cause us frustration, and in the long run we will suffer the negative consequences of having irrational expectations. The objectives must be achievable.
6. Surround yourself with friends
Carol Ryff says so, Positive relationships are necessary for our psychological well-being . In fact, there are many researches that affirm that having friendships and an active social life has a positive impact on our happiness and our mental health.
7. Be proactive
People who enjoy greater psychological well-being are those who are always on the move , that are proactive. This means that they feel empowered and assume certain risks. This is what Ryff refers to when he means autonomy.
8. Nurture in a healthy way
Nutrition is also related to our mental and emotional health. As psychologist Jonathan García-Allen states: "There is a reciprocal relationship between food and our emotions. What we eat not only affects how we feel, but how we feel also affects the way we eat. " This explains why when we are stressed our eating habits change, or that eating well will also affect how we feel throughout the day.
9. Play sports
Another healthy habit is to practice sports . Although we often associate exercise with physical well-being, this practice also has an effect on us at the psychological level. Sports practice causes us to release chemicals in the brain, such as endorphins or serotonin. These make us feel better and change our perception of life for the better.
10. Reflect and connect with yourself
It is difficult to stop for a moment and reflect on who we are or what our emotional state is today. The accelerated rhythm of the society in which we live makes it difficult for us to look inside ourselves. We are always aware of the outside.
Stop a second and reflect is one of the best alternatives to achieve our well-being . To do so, you simply have to dedicate 15 or 20 minutes a day to yourself. For example, filling in a diary of emotions before going to bed.
- You can find all the information necessary to fill a diary of emotions in this article: "Emotional management: 10 keys to master your emotions"
Another way to connect with yourself and your emotions is through meditation . Meditation gives you a moment of inner peace and helps you connect with yourself and your body. Scientific studies show that people who perform this practice have a greater psychological well-being, so the fact of learning to meditate has a very positive impact on our well-being.
12. Practice gratitude and compassion
Nowadays, psychologists use Mindfulness as a therapeutic tool, aware of the benefits it provides for the well-being of people. Mindfulness is a philosophy that uses meditation to be in the here and now, but that also follows a series of principles or values. These are: become aware, self-acceptance, non-judgmental mentality , compassion and gratitude towards ourselves and others.
13. Live the present
In addition, Mindfulness also it's a way of being in the present, of letting go of irrational expectations . It helps you become aware of your own emotions of knowing you. If present. Because if you do not know where you are right now, you can hardly go anywhere.
14. Get out of the comfort zone
If before it was mentioned that people should be proactive to enjoy greater welfare because it was a symptom of empowerment, another reason to be proactive is to leave the comfort zone. The comfort zone is an area of non-learning, no-growth and limits you when it comes to grow and develop. Not developing is not having psychological well-being. So staying in the comfort zone is not good for you.
15. Practice Emotional Intelligence
Emotions play an important role in our wellbeing r . Research shows that emotionally intelligent people enjoy greater life satisfaction and are happier. Knowing one's own emotions and those of others, and regulating them if necessary, avoids many conflicts and, ultimately, gives us greater well-being.