New School: the education of the future?
The New School was born in Europe, in the 20th century, as a criticism of the Authoritarian School traditional, which today remains in force, despite the continuous changes and educational reforms. Criticizes the traditional way of school, where the student is a passive being, who only receives information and non-creative repetitive reinforcements.
What the New School intends is Focus on the interest of the child and develop their abilities , making the student an active being of his learning. It is about "learn by doing". That the child has a direct experience, that stimulates their thinking and possesses the information through observations, obtaining solutions to said problem and putting them into practice. Therefore, it promotes an active, cooperative, participative and personalized learning, centered on the learner, through dialogue and participation.
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New School teaching methodology
It is a free and active education in which the teacher takes into account the point of view that the student has. The teacher limits himself to correcting errors and giving feedback to his students, leaving them to ask the questions. It also eliminates the limitation of learning in a single classroom or schedules, where the student has to be seated and silent. The child can, and should, move around the environment around them exploring the different places. And it involves parents and the environment in their learning (outside of school).
The teacher's power-submission dynamic is eliminated making the tutor a figure of affection and help. Leaving all the power of self-government in children, making them understand that they need the elaboration of a series of rules to improve their learning and development.
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Currently, we know that people do not have a unique way of learning, if not, each person learns differently. Today, seven different styles of learning are known, and not necessarily the style that serves us is good for another person. The types of learning are the following:
1. Visual learning
They learn through drawings, images ... They have a more spatial vision. Colors and photographs help you learn better and visualize objects more easily. They usually use phrases like: "I can imagine it"
2. Hearing learning
They prefer the use of sounds, rhythms or music to learn. They are people who are usually good at singing or playing an instrument. They usually put a rhythm when making memorizations , so that a particular sound will help you memorize. They usually use phrases like: "That sounds good"
3. Individual learning (intrapersonal)
They prefer to learn things by themselves or by themselves. They focus their objectives on topics that are of interest to them. He usually thinks how he would act to understand something. They trust in their intention and self-analysis . They usually use phrases like: "I need time to think".
4. Social learning (interpersonal)
They are people who like to work as a team. Share your conclusions with others. Perform listening behaviors that help them understand how to deal with others . It is sensitive to other people's motivations, feelings and moods. They usually use phrases like: "Two heads think better than one".
5. Verbal or linguistic learning
It is intended to involve writing and is an oral learning. It is usually recorded by speaking and then heard, or read aloud. Play with the sound of words using tongue twisters, rhymes, poems ... He likes to look up the meaning of new terms and to talk about them with others. They usually use phrases like: "In other words ..."
6. Physical or kinesthetic learning
They usually use the body, hands or touch to learn. They focus on the physical sensations of the situation. They use physical objects for their learning . They like sports and exercise. They prefer to think while walking or running. And they often use phrases like: "Manos a la obra".
7. Logical-mathematical learning
To learn they usually use logic, reasoning and systems . It is about understanding everything in a contextualized reasoning. They usually create schemes. They enjoy the numbers or forms. They usually use phrases like: "That's logical".
In Traditional School, only logical-mathematical learning is reinforced, leaving aside all those students who have another way of learning and preventing them from improving their education, which leads to student frustration.On the other hand, in Escuela Nueva, it allows students to improve their learning autonomously and motivating the student to learn from their learning form.
In the New School it is sought that the student learns to learn, to create, to undertake, to take initiative, to think critically , lead processes and work as a team. Something that, today, is required for the vast majority of jobs, but that is not taught in the Traditional School.
In addition, the New School allows the student to get the most out of himself and choose the best way to learn, focusing on all the learning needs of each student. What allows the child never lose interest in their education and eliminating frustration for not moving forward. This school allows the child to be in continuous learning, both inside and outside the classroom, allowing parents to participate in an active way in the education of their children.