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The 4 strategies of coping with depression

The 4 strategies of coping with depression

May 29, 2024

Depression is a condition that frequently appears in psychological consultations; a health problem worldwide that affects children, youth, adults and the elderly ; as well as men and women.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 350 million people in the world live with depression; This is the first cause of health problems and disability worldwide. In Mexico alone, 34.5 million people have been depressed, of which 14.48 million are men, and 20.37 million are women; being the fourth cause of disability in the country.

Let's see what are the coping strategies of depression .

  • Related article: "The 6 differences between sadness and depression"

The basic characteristics of depression

Depression is characterized by keep more than two weeks a state of deep sadness, often without knowing the reason ; unlike sadness as emotion, which is transient and usually caused by something that is perceived as negative for the person.

To this is added an absence of pleasure and lack of motivation for any activity . An alteration in appetite and weight is experienced, since sometimes there is a loss of the same, while in some cases the person shows an excessive appetite.

In the same way, the dream is also affected a way of insomnia or excess of sleep not restorative. The person presents fatigue or loss of energy, showing depression in his face and lack of care in his person; besides walking, moving and talking slowly.

However, the characteristics of depression are not limited to physical alterations such as those that have just been shown, since the person also experiences feelings of handicap and guilt for unimportant things, as if it were a hindrance for people to their around. Inevitably, there are limitations in mental capacity, that is, thought slows down and attention and concentration decrease.

Finally, appear thoughts of hopelessness , showing an apathy towards life; so the person thinks of death as a remedy. In fact, according to WHO each year about 800,000 people commit suicide, which represents the second cause of death among young people between 15 and 29 years.

  • Related article: "Major depression: symptoms, causes and treatment"

Depression coping strategies

What to do when a friend or family member suffers from depression? Let's see it

1. Recognize your suffering

First, you need to listen and acknowledge your suffering. Suddenly you usually try to encourage the person using phrases like: "Courage! Do not be sad "," Do not cry anymore "; provoking guilt and frustration, since it is not something that depends on the person how to feel.

Instead, When your feeling is validated and you show empathy, we become companions .

2. Do not feed your sadness

It is not about reinforcing your suffering by fostering self-pity or incapacitating the person, but treating it as someone who is going through a difficult time. It also helps the family member stay busy with walks, entertainments, small jobs, etc.

3. Take seriously any suggestion or threat of suicide

A serious mistake is made when signals of this type are overlooked, as the person may be giving a warning. The most advisable thing is to stay alert for the person with depression , not leaving her alone for long.

4. Seek professional help

At this point, it is very common to resort only to medication. However, despite being useful, it only decreases symptoms but does not solve the problem of depression. So it is common to find people under drug treatment dealing with depression for a long time: months or more than a year.

In addition, the person under antidepressant medication does not begin to notice the effects of the medication until after two or three weeks of having started the treatment. So that the most advisable thing is to start a psychotherapeutic process to work in the required areas .

Tips to prevent this mental disorder

These are some recommendations to apply on a day to day basis.

1. Perform aerobic physical exercise

The chemical and hormonal balance produced by the drugs can also be achieved or supplemented by sports and physical activity.

Fatigue is a source of health and good humor, since this kind of exercise produces serotonin , which is a neurotransmitter that is related to sensations of pleasure and well-being; In addition, exercise promotes a state of peace of mind, decreases levels of daily stress and improves self-esteem.

This kind of benefits make exercise the most effective antidepressant and, sadly, the least used.

2. Avoid isolation

A study (Nolen-Hoaksema and Morrow, 1991) carried out in the city of San Francisco (USA), showed that the isolation favors the emotions and the depressive thoughts . It is advisable to have a support network, such as friends or family.

3. Stay busy or busy

Whether outdoors or at home, look for an occupation; That way the activities will help keep your mind away from thoughts that accentuate depression.

4. Seek professional help

If these tips are not enough, the help of the psychologist will always be the best option to get out of depression . Appropriate psychotherapy can achieve the desired results.

Depression is a complex problem, so the recovery process is usually slow; so that it requires patience from both the affected person and those in their environment. Although depression usually requires psychological intervention, self-help strategies are beneficial as a support to psychological treatment and even prevention.

Bibliographic references:

  • Jornada, L. (October 1, 2018). Depression continues to increase in Mexico; women, the most affected. Vanguard.
  • Melgosa, J. (2008). How to have a healthy mind Madrid: Safeliz.
  • Nolen-Hoaksema, S. and Morrow, J. A prospective study of depression and distress following a natural disaster: the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61: 105-121 (1991).
  • Rodríguez, D. (October 10, 2018). In Mexico there are more than 2 million young people with depression. Metro.
  • Sánchez, A. (October 5, 2018). Everything you should not do when someone suffers depression. The vanguard.

Understanding Bipolar Depression (May 2024).

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