The 8 types of trust: what are they?
One of the psychological variables that affect our daily life and the activities we perform is trust , which must be present in interpersonal relationships, but also in work and sports.
Trust is key to our well-being, especially self-confidence.
- Recommended article: "The 4 types of self-esteem: do you value yourself?"
Types of trust
But, What types of trust are there? How can we classify them? There are eight types of trust. Then we explain them to you with their different characteristics.
1. Trust in others
Trust in others is a phenomenon that is often talked about a lot in interpersonal relationships, especially those of a couple. In our article "The 7 keys to having a healthy relationship" we already explained that respect, fidelity, trust ... are essential for love relationships to work.
Human beings are social beings, and that is why we need others to live better and to enjoy greater psychological well-being and emotional Having close relationships gives meaning to our life, and having trusted people helps us to be happy.
Obviously, we can not trust everyone because, at times, we can run into individuals who want to defraud us, scam us or take advantage of us, but especially in those close people who have shown us that we can trust them, we must give them a vote of trust.
Trust is not something that comes as standard, although some experts think it is innate, at least regarding our relatives, and when we meet someone, one must earn it. Sincerity and credibility are some variables that increase or not confidence that we can have in other people.
- Now, what happens when we lose trust in someone? Is it possible to recover it? We explain it to you in our article "9 tips to recover the confidence of someone"
2. Self-confidence or self-efficacy
Self-efficacy is what is commonly known as self-confidence , a concept introduced by the Ukrainian-Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura in 1986, and of which he spoke in his Theory of Social Learning. This well-known theory deals with the regulation of motivation and human action, which implies three types of expectations: situation-outcome expectations, action-outcome expectations and perceived self-efficacy. Today I will talk about self-efficacy.
- To learn more, you can read our text "The Theory of Social Learning by Albert Bandura"
Self-confidence is often confused with self-esteem, and although they are related, they are not the same . Self-esteem is the overall assessment that a person has of himself, while self-confidence refers to the assessment of oneself with regard to their ability to perform a task and carry out an objective.
It is a concept that is closely related to personal development, since a high self-confidence allows overcome obstacles that may arise in the way of an individual when fighting for a goal. When a person has a high self-efficacy, she is very interested in the tasks in which she participates because she feels competent, sees problems as stimulating challenges, experiences a high commitment to her interests and activities, and recovers quickly from her failures. Luckily, self-confidence can be worked on and improved.
Bandura believes that in a person's self-confidence, four important aspects intervene : achievements of execution, which are the successes and failures of past experiences, rather the perception of them and the frequency with which they appear. The observation or vicarious experience influences especially in those situations in which the person does not have little experience when performing a task. Verbal persuasion (for example, words of encouragement) and the physiological state of the individual, which includes not only the physical sensations but also the emotional states, influence how the person interprets the situation.
- If you want to know how to improve self-confidence, you can follow the steps you will find in our article: "Self-confidence: discover the 7 keys to improve it"
3. False self-confidence
Sometimes, some individuals seem to show high confidence when they do not really trust themselves. This is what is known as false self-confidence, a form of protection against the perception of low self-efficacy .
Subjects with false self-confidence can sometimes convince themselves that they trust themselves even if they do not, and they can even make positive self-verbalizations to themselves, with optimistic phrases.It is a type of self-deception that does not favor personal development at all, and that allows the person to escape from the true internal state of self-confidence that in many cases is behind the "mask".
- This type of trust can bring negative consequences for the subject who experiences it, as you can see in our article "False self-confidence: the heavy mask of self-deception"
4. Behavioral trust
It has to do with the behavior of the person , and it is the subjects' own capacity to act positively or not, to overcome obstacles and make correct decisions that affect the behavior of the individual.
5. Emotional trust
Emotions are key to the well-being of people, and their proper management makes it possible for a person to be more or less happy. With the popularity of the term emotional intelligence, it is not surprising to talk about emotional trust.
Some individuals fear their own emotions, but master the ability to understand and interpret the emotions of others , and the ability to regulate emotions to favor interpersonal relationships with other people, is possible with emotional confidence.
6. Spiritual confidence
Make reference to the faith that individuals have over the life that surrounds them and the context in which they move.
7. Simple trust
Some experts, like the biologist Humberto Maturana, think that trust can be innate . It is what is known as simple trust, and we are born with it. It is automatic, like trust towards our parents. It is complete and complete.
8. Feeding trust
However, throughout life and fruit of experiences, this simple trust can be shaped . Then we can maintain high trust in other people or mistrust may appear.