The treatment of dyslexia: 4 tips for parents
Dyslexia is included within a broad classification, that of specific learning difficulties (DEA), and is a upset of reading and writing which is characterized by difficulty in understanding written texts , as well as to distinguish or memorize letters or groups of letters, among other problems. Dyslexic people suffer from this disorder despite having an adequate intelligence, good sociocultural opportunities and a correct education.
Dyslexia is a factor that affects the school dropout and it is one of the most common learning problems (it constitutes 80% of the diagnoses of learning disorders). This disorder basically affects the learning of reading but also in writing. More children than girls suffer from dyslexia, and it is common that this disorder occurs along with dyscalculia, dysgraphia or ADHD.
Dyslexic reading is slow and full of inaccuracies, since he makes mistakes with long and infrequent words, although he usually read short and familiar words more quickly.
Causes of Dyslexia
Although there has been a great debate to clarify the causes of dyslexia, most research seems to indicate that has a neurobiological origin , with an important hereditary burden and with a predominance of a phonological deficit that causes learning difficulties in reading.
Symptoms of dyslexia may be different from one person to another, so it seems that there may be different affected brain regions that are involved in the execution of literacy.
The treatment for dyslexia should include two important agents for the school-age child: teachers and parents .
The work of the teachers is very important since they must carry out a specific educational work for the child. Parents are responsible for providing the necessary emotional support, since dyslexia can have negative effects on the child's self-esteem. Parents are an important figure for proper recovery.
The re-educative work of the teacher must be oriented to the child recognizing the letters through different techniques, exercises of turns or laterality, etc. Therefore, the teaching methodology must be different than that of the rest of the students without dyslexia. It is important that the educator tries that the child is calm and does not feel pressured.
Psychological therapy can also be very helpful, since in many cases dyslexia can cause other problems: anxiety, depression, psychosomatic symptoms and behavioral disorders.
As mentioned, parents have the responsibility of show emotional support and take care of what tasks to do in a child at home . Many times they also need to be educated to be able to intervene in the home, and so that the disorder of their child does not affect them negatively.
Advice for parents
Since parents play an important role in improving their dyslexic children, here are some basic tips when it comes to knowing how to act.
If your child suffers from dyslexia, you should:
Address the problem soon
If you suspect that your child may have dyslexia, you should talk to your family doctor as soon as possible . An early intervention guarantees a better success since the treatment and the school intervention will take the problem in its initial phases, at which time it is easier to solve the symptomatology.
Work with your child's school
A good communication with your child's teacher will help him enormously, since There will be better coordination between two of the educational agents most important to him. Therefore, do not hesitate to explain your concerns to the teaching team and maintain an agile way of contact to keep up with the evolution of the child and the auxiliary support that may be required.
Make time to read
In order for the child to improve his reading ability, he must practice. It provokes situations that stimulate the reading of your child. Of course, you should bear in mind that forcing you too much can be counterproductive because you can generate aversion to reading. Therefore, little by little and without haste, Introduce the habit of reading as something pleasant and desirable , and he will improve as he makes contact with the books.
You can be his example to follow
Try to read something that stimulates yourself so that, in this way, your child sees you as an example to follow. Teach her that reading can be fun. Children do what they see in their parents: if they see you reading and enjoy a book in their hands, is likely to follow your example .